All Gujarat age,era and golden time - history of Gujarat

about Ancient Gujarat

All Gujarat age,era and golden time - history of Gujarat
All Gujarat age,era and golden time - history of Gujarat

Prehistoric Age:

It can be inferred from the research of archaeologists that the human life of some regions of Gujarat as well as some regions of India may have gone through the Ancient Stone Age, Middle Stone Age and New Stone Age.
Prehistoric Age of Gujarat
Prehistoric Age of Gujarat

Prehistoric sites and relics have been recovered from the river regions and ravines of Sabarmati, Mahi, Rewa (Narmada), Meshwo, Mazam, Vishwamitri, Saraswati, Banas, Bhogavo, Bhadar etc.

In the metal age, industries along with agriculture and cities along with villages developed in the regions of Gujarat.

Somnath traded with foreign states through the ports of Patan, Lothal, Bhrigukachchh, Stambhatirtha, Sopara etc.

Rangpur (Dist. Surendranagar), Lothal (Dist. Ahmedabad), Kot and Pedhamali (Dist. Mehsana), Lakhabawal and Amra (Dist. Jamnagar), Rojdi (Dist. Rajkot), Dholavira (Dist. Kutch), Somnath Patan (Dist.  Remains of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro culture found in Bharuch and Surat districts bear witness to this fact.

Mahabharata age 

According to the chronology, the Neolithic age and the Vedic age come after the culture age;  But there is no mention of Gujarat in the Vedic literature, there are many different states in the Mahabharata period. 

Shariat's son Anart established a state over Saurashtra and the northern parts of Gujarat and the region was called 'Anart'.  Fed up with the torment of Jarasandh and Shishupal, the Yadavas migrated to Saurashtra under the leadership of Lord Krishna.  
Anart's son Revat lost to Yadav.

Lord Krishna established a new town near Kushasthali, Dwaravati (now Bat Dwarka) and established his capital there.

E.  Q.  Yadavs were at the forefront in Saurashtra and Gujarat in the 14th century BC.

No evidence has been found as to which dynasty came to power in Saurashtra and Gujarat after the demise of yadav.

Maurya Era: 

The authentic history of Gujarat dates back to the time of Chandragupta Maurya.  E.  Q.  In 319 BC, Gujarat and Saurashtra came under the rule of King Chandragupta of Magadha.

Chandragupta's Saurashtra subah Pushpagupta Girinagar (Junagadh) and its

A reservoir named 'Sudarshan' was built to encourage agriculture in the surrounding region, as mentioned in the inscription near Ashoka's Girnar mountain.

In the Mauryan era, Chandragupta, Ashoka and his grandson Samprati ruled in Gujarat, as is evident from the Jain tradition.

Anu - Morya era: After the fall of Morya rule, there was no strong rule in Gujarat.  The Kshatriyas ruled for four centuries after the birth of Jesus.  

According to the inscriptions near Girnar, Rudrada was the best king among the Kshatraps.  The last Kshatrap king Rudrasinh III was defeated by the Gupta emperor Chandragupta II and ended the Kshatrap rule from Saurashtra and Gujarat.

Gupta Yugao e.  Q.  Around 400, Chandragupta II conquered Saurashtra, Gujarat and Malwa, as evidenced by his coins and inscriptions.  Gold and silver coins of Chandragupta II, Kumaragupta and Skandagupta have been found from these regions.

E.  Q.  In 455, Skanda Gupta's subah rebuilt Lake Sudarshan, which had been damaged by heavy rains

Vaishnavism was propagated during the Gupta period.

Maitrak Yuga: With the fall of the Gupta Empire, Bhattarke of the Maitrak dynasty of the Gupta king's suba e.  Q.  In 470, independent power of Gujarat was established in Valabhipur. 

The clan of this dynasty was Shave.

Another majestic king of the Maitrak dynasty was Guhsen (553 to 569 AD).

From the testimonials of his donations, it appears that Guhsen was a popular ruler.  

Shiladitya I of this dynasty (590 to 615 AD) was known as Dharmaditya.

During the reign of Dhruvsen II (627 to 643 AD), a Chinese pilgrim met with the UN.  Q.  Visited Gujarat in 640. 

DharsenI (643 to 650 AD), son of Dhruvasen II, assumed the titles of 'Maharajadhiraja' and 'Chakravati'.  The power of the Allies extended over all of Saurashtra as well as North and Central Gujarat.

There were many Buddhist monasteries in Valabhipur.‘Valabhi Vidyapeeth’ was counted in the ranks of Nalanda Vidyapeeth. E.  Q.  In 788, the Arab invasions ended the friendly rule.  E.  Q.  From 788 to 942, there was no supreme power in Gujarat. 

The contemporary states of the Allies 

The contemporary states of the Allies
The contemporary states of the Allies 

Saurashtra was ruled by the rulers of the Garulak dynasty (capital: Dhank) and the Saindhav dynasty (capital: Dhumli).

South Gujarat was ruled by Trutko (Aparant region), Katrio (Bhrigukachchh), Gurjar Nrupatis (Nandipur), Chahmano (Ankleshwar), Sendrako 3 (Tapi coast) and Chalukyo (Navsari). 

Anu-Maitrak Yuga: e.  Q.  From 746 to 942, the Chavda dynasty ruled in the regions of North Gujarat.

 His capital was in a village near Panchasar (Radhanpur. Some parts of North Gujarat were ruled by Gurjar Pratiharas for about 200 years.

Bhilmal (present day Bhinmal in northwest of Abu) was his capital. At the same time Rashtrakuta (E  750 to 972) was an empire with Maa Khet (Nashik) as its capital. 

Golden age of Gujarat solanki yuga 

It is considered as the golden age.

The original king of Chaulukya (Solanki) clan abolished the power of Chavda dynasty of Anhilpur Patan in 942 AD and established his monarchy.

Mulraj Solanki (942 to 997 AD)  The ruler built the Rudramahalaya at Siddhpur, during the reign of Bhimdev (1022 to 1064 AD), Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi looted the Somnath temple on January 7, 1026 AD, and Bhimdev built a stone there in 1027 AD.  Built a new temple. 

The famous Sun Temple of Modhera was also built during the reign of Bhimdev.  Bhimdev appointed Vimalmantri as Abu's penitentiary. 

He built a marble temple of Adinath there.  Karnadeva (1064 to 1094 AD) ruled over Navsari region.    

He conquered Ashapalli and established the town of Karnavati.

Siddharraj Jai Singh (AD 1094 to 1143) was the most valiant, courageous and diplomatic king of the Solanki dynasty

Siddharth Raja defeated King Ra'khengar of Junagadh and defeated King Yashovarma of Malwa and assumed the title of 'Avantinath'.

His empire extended to Saurashtra, Kutch as well as the region of Khambhat, Bharuch and Lat in the south and some parts of Rajasthan. 

Siddharth Raj built Sahastralinga Lake in Patan and renovated Rudramahalaya in Siddhpur. 

He inspired Hemchandracharya to write a grammar book called 'Siddham Shabdanushasan'.

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